CPAN Ingenio 2010

CPAN, which stands for Centro Nacional de Física de Partículas, Astropartículas y Nuclear, or its English translation National Center for Particle, Astroparticle and Nuclear Physics is a project within the framework of CONSOLIDER - Ingenio 2010 program. This project aims to actively promote the coordinated participation of the Spanish scientific groups in cutting edge research in particle physics, astroparticle and nuclear physics.




A Spanish Project supported by the Ministry of Science and Innovation's Consolider-Ingenio 2010 Programme. It started in December 17, 2009, and will last 5 years.




The Pierre Auger Observatory is a cosmic ray observatory designed to detect ultra-high-energy cosmic rays: single sub-atomic particles (protons or atomic nuclei) with energies beyond 1020 eV. It is located in western Argentina's Mendoza Province. The project was proposed by Jim Cronin and Alan Watson in 1992. Almost 500 physicists from 55 institutions around the world are currently collaborating on the project.



JEM-EUSO is a new type of observatory that will utilize very large volumes of the earth's atmosphere as a detector of the most energetic particles in the Universe. JEM-EUSO (EUSO for "Extreme Universe Space Observatory") observes the brief flashes of light in the earth's atmosphere caused by particles arriving from deep space. 



The aim of this project is to coordinate activities in the development of astronomical instrumentation for different groups of the Community of Madrid. The proposal is the establishment of a multidisciplinary group that will benefit from the synergies generated between each group so as to optimize the development of astronomical instruments for the benefit of national and even international community.



The SpaceTec-CM program aims to support with human resources the development of projects in space astronomical instrumentation where several groups of the Comunidad de Madrid are involved. At present several research groups are involved in the design and construction of various instruments with state of the art technologies for future space missions: EUSO (Universidad de Alcalá), EUCLID (CIEMAT), the Bepi Colombo MIXS (CAB-INTA) mission Solar Orbiter (INTA, Universidad de Alcalá) and Laser Raman Spectrometer for ExoMars mission (CAB-INTA), to name most important. Parallel working on developing new technologies for future missions, such as biomarkers SOLID concept (CAB), or studies of infrared interferometry and remote metrology (CAB, INTA, UPM). Also being developed prototypes for future missions cryogenic detectors X-ray and infrared (IMM). These projects require the development of space technologies at the frontier of knowledge, and are only possible thanks to the close collaboration with aerospace companies located mainly in Madrid.




The TEC2SPACE-CM project aims to support with human resources the development of projects in space astronomical instrumentation where several groups of the Comunidad de Madrid are involved.  



EUSO-Balloon is a partnership project of the international consortium JEM-EUSO and CNES that aims to fly over several campaigns starting in 2014, a prototype fluorescence telescope aboard a stratospheric balloon.





The Mini-EUSO project is a small replica of the UV telescope JEM-EUSO inside the pressurized ISS, with an access from astronauts. It would be located next to a UV transparent window in the Zvezda Russian module in the ISS, looking at earth in nadir position.

The Mini-EUSO instrument will be equipped with one full original JEM-EUSO Photo-Detector-Module (PDM), an optical system made of two Fresnel lenses (25 cm of diameter) and a data acquisition system.

The Mini-EUSO mission has at least four different objectives:

    1. to raise the technical readiness level of JEM-EUSO to the highest grade.
    2. to perform an absolute calibration of the multi-anode photomultipliers in flight (crucial for JEM-EUSO).
    3. to take advantage of being at ISS altitude, like JEM-EUSO. This will make possible to study in a precise way the UV background coming from earth in all the different reflective conditions (water, earth, vegetation, snow, etc.). The small size of the windows precludes the observation of showers, but the absolute background evaluation is extremely important for the JEM-EUSO shower observation because it sets the shower energy threshold.
    4. to study atmospheric phenomena, like lightning, and related light, as well as meteors.



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